Science

Out-of-Sync ‘Loners’ May Secretly Protect Orderly Swarms
quantamagazine.org/out-of-sync-lone… 

Studies of collective behavior usually focus on how crowds of organisms coordinate their actions. But what if the individuals that don’t participate have just as much to tell us?

Genome engineering using the CRISPR-Cas9 system
nature.com/articles/nprot.2013.143 

Targeted nucleases are powerful tools for mediating genome alteration with high precision. The RNA-guided Cas9 nuclease from the microbial clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) adaptive immune system can be used to facilitate efficient genome engineering in eukaryotic cells by simply specifying a 20-nt targeting sequence within its guide RNA.

Graduate Student Solves Decades-Old Conway Knot Problem
quantamagazine.org/graduate-student… 

It took Lisa Piccirillo less than a week to answer a long-standing question about a strange knot discovered over half a century ago by the legendary John Conway.

Dinosaur Footprints on a Cave Ceiling
scienceblog.com/516341/dinosaur-foo… 

The footprints of sauropods, thirty-metre-long herbivorous dinosaurs, have been found on the roof of a cave located beneath the Causse Méjean plateau...

Moths have 'secret role' as crucial pollinators
bbc.com/news/science-environment-52… 

Fluttering creatures of the night are also vital pollinators of plants and flowers, say scientists.

"Quantum radar" uses entangled photons to detect objects
newatlas.com/physics/quantum-radar-… 

The weird world of quantum physics is being harnessed for some fascinating use cases. In the latest example, physicists have developed and demonstrated a “quantum radar” prototype that uses the quantum entanglement phenomenon to detect objects, a system which could eventually outperform…

Higgs boson examined as source of dark matter at the LHC
newatlas.com/physics/cern-higgs-bos… 

It’s been calculated that dark matter is around five times more common than regular matter – and yet, we still haven’t directly detected it. Many different types of experiments are trying to find it, and now CERN has joined the hunt, testing whether the famous Higgs boson could decay into dark…

'Artificial leaf' concept inspires research into solar-powered fuel production
phys.org/news/2020-05-water-splitti… 

Rice University researchers have created an efficient, low-cost device that splits water to produce hydrogen fuel.

Malaria 'completely stopped' by microbe
bbc.com/news/health-52530828 

Scientists say the microbe - found in the wild near Lake Victoria - has enormous potential.

Tracking the course of the pandemic in wastewater
eawag.ch/en/news-agenda/news-portal… 

The novel coronavirus has been successfully detected in wastewater – even at low concentrations, in samples collected at an early stage of the outbreak. Researchers at EPFL and Eawag are now working to optimise the method. The aim is to develop a system which could warn of a resurgence of cases earlier than clinical diagnostic tests.

Scientists create glowing plants using mushroom genes
theguardian.com/science/2020/apr/27… 

New technique could help shed light on plants’ workings – and lead to unusual home decor

Insect numbers down 25% since 1990, global study finds
theguardian.com/environment/2020/ap… 

Scientists say insects are vital and the losses worrying, with accelerating declines in Europe called ‘shocking’

The Florida Aquarium just made a breakthrough that will help save the third largest coral reef in the world
edition.cnn.com/2020/04/22/us/flori… 

Ridged cactus coral are just one of a variety of species rescued from Florida's waters after coral reefs in the state began undergoing a major disease outbreak that started in 2014. The aquarium has successfully reproduced them in human care.

Remembering Freeman Dyson
blogs.scientificamerican.com/observ… 

In our conversations, he ventured far and wide across science, literature and politics, offering unorthodox ideas with a bracing self-confidence