Science

AlphaFold: a solution to a 50-year-old grand challenge in biology
deepmind.com/blog/article/alphafold… 
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In a major scientific advance, the latest version of our AI system AlphaFold has been recognised as a solution to this grand challenge by the organisers of the biennial Critical Assessment of protein Structure Prediction (CASP) assessment. This breakthrough demonstrates the impact AI can have on scientific discovery and its potential to dramatically accelerate progress in some of the most fundamental fields that explain and shape our world.

Physicist creates N95-type respirators using cotton candy machine
phys.org/news/2020-11-physicist-n95… 
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Mahesh Bandi, a physicist with the Nonlinear and Non-equilibrium Physics Unit, OIST Graduate University, Onna, Okinawa, has found a way to produce N95-type respirator filters that is less expensive and quicker than conventional approaches. In his paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society A, he describes the technique he developed and how well his filters performed.

Geometry Reveals How the World Is Assembled From Cubes
quantamagazine.org/geometry-reveals… 
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An exercise in pure mathematics has led to a wide-ranging theory of how the world comes together.

Study identifies reasons for soaring nuclear plant cost overruns in the U.S.
news.mit.edu/2020/reasons-nuclear-o… 
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MIT researchers have analyzed the causes of many cost overruns on new nuclear power plants in the U.S., which have soared in the past 50 years. The findings may help designers of new plants build in resilience to prevent such added costs.

Any hope of keeping Earth habitable now requires sucking carbon back out of the atmosphere, a new study found
businessinsider.com/climate-change-… 
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Even if greenhouse-gas emissions stop now, global warming will continue for centuries, a study shows. The solution: removing carbon from the air.

Inside the Secret Math Society Known Simply as Nicolas Bourbaki
quantamagazine.org/inside-the-secre… 
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For almost a century, the anonymous members of Nicolas Bourbaki have written books intended as pure expressions of mathematical thought.

Workplace interruptions lead to physical stress
ethz.ch/en/news-and-events/eth-news… 
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In an experiment, ETH researchers have shown that interruptions in work promote the release of stress hormones.

Riding along with a Stratospheric Telescope
blogs.scientificamerican.com/observ… 
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In pursuit of celestial mysteries onboard the world’s only airborne observatory

Scientists Just Discovered a Mysterious Organ Lurking in The Centre of The Human Head
sciencealert.com/chance-discovery-r… 
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Medical researchers have made a surprise anatomical discovery, finding what looks to be a mysterious set of salivary glands hidden inside the human head – which somehow have been missed by scientists for centuries up until now.

Why Gravity is NOT a Force
youtu.be/XRr1kaXKBsU 
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The General Theory of Relativity tells us gravity is not a force, gravitational fields don't exist. Objects tend to move on straight paths through curved spa...

Room-Temperature Superconductivity Achieved for the First Time
quantamagazine.org/physicists-disco… 
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Physicists have reached a long-sought goal. The catch is that their room-temperature superconductor requires crushing pressures to keep from falling apart.

Nobel Prize in Medicine Awarded to Scientists Who Discovered Hepatitis C Virus
nytimes.com/2020/10/05/health/nobel… 
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Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice were jointly honored for their decisive contribution to the fight against blood-borne hepatitis, a major global health problem.

Physicists witness time crystals interacting for the first time ever
newatlas.com/physics/time-crystals-… 
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We’re quickly learning more about time crystals, strange phases of matter that appear to break time-translation symmetry – something that was thought impossible until recently. Now scientists have observed two time crystals interacting for the first time, which could be the first step towards using…

It Could be Possible to Transfer Data Through Gravitational Waves
universal-sci.com/headlines/2018/10… 
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On February 11th, 2016, scientists at the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) made history when they announced the first detection of gravitational waves. Originally predicted made by Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity a century prior, these waves are essentially ripples

Crows possess higher intelligence long thought primarily human
statnews.com/2020/09/24/crows-posse… 
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A second study looked in unprecedented detail at the brains of pigeons and barn owls, finding hints to the basis of their intelligence.

UCLA-led team of scientists discovers why we need sleep
college.ucla.edu/2020/09/18/ucla-le… 

A UCLA-led team of scientists explains why sleep is so vital to our health and shows for the first time that a dramatic change in the purpose of sleep occurs at the age of about 2-and-a-half.

Is there life floating in the clouds of Venus?
bbc.com/news/science-environment-54… 
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Telescope observations spy a gas high in the atmosphere of Venus that on Earth is made by microbes.

New Zealand Is About to Test Long-Range Wireless Power Transmission
singularityhub.com/2020/08/30/new-z… 
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Startup Emrod is building a system to wirelessly beam power over long distances and plans to test the system with New Zealand's second largest utility.

An Unexpected Twist Lights Up the Secrets of Turbulence
quantamagazine.org/an-unexpected-tw… 
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Having solved a central mystery about the “twirliness” of tornadoes and other types of vortices, William Irvine has set his sights on turbulence, the white whale of classical physics.