History

The Ogham Alphabet
gaelic.co/ogham/ 
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The Ogham writing system is a topic that comes up occasionally in connection with Gaelic and Irish tattoos, so I want to share some information about what Ogham is, how it’s related to Gaelic, and what you have to watch out for if you’re going to use it in a Gaelic or Irish tattoo.

A Hole in the Head: A Complete History of Trepanation
thereader.mitpress.mit.edu/hole-in-… 
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A survey of trepanation, or trephination, the oldest surgical procedure known to humanity.

The Rules of Drinking
historytoday.com/history-matters/ru… 
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The long history of drinking games – and how to win them.

The world’s shortest metro line is in Russia. It has just one station
rbth.com/travel/333851-russian-shor… 
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The Omsk Metro has its own logo, its own map, its own travel tokens and just one station.

The Spanish Witches of Cartagena
historytoday.com/miscellanies/spani… 
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On 25 March 1638, nine individuals were brought into the Main Square of the colonial city of Cartagena in front of a large crowd.

What Latin Sounded Like - and how we know
youtube.com/watch?v=_enn7NIo-S0 
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Classical Latin went extinct, yet we still know how to pronounce it. Proof!

The Botanist Who Defied Stalin
nautil.us/issue/99/universality/the… 
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In 1913, 26-year-old Russian biologist Nikolai Vavilov went to the John Innes Horticultural Institute to study at the feet of legendary...

An Oral History of the Chelsea Hotel: Where the Walls Still Talk
vanityfair.com/culture/2013/10/chel… 
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Tales from the hotel-slash-commune that housed Jackson Pollock, Dylan Thomas, Arthur Miller, Bob Dylan, Robert Mapplethorpe, Patti Smith, Sid Vicious, and more.

Computer simulations show Viking's sunstone to be very accurate
phys.org/news/2018-04-simulations-v… 
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A pair of researchers with ELTE Eötvös Loránd University in Hungary has run computer simulations that suggest that tales of Vikings using a sunstone to navigate in cloudy weather might be true.

'Horatius at the Bridge' by Thomas Babington Macaulay
thoughtco.com/horatius-at-the-bridg… 
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Horatius was known for defending one of Rome's most famous bridges, the Pons Sublicius, during the war between Rome and Clusium. The poet Thomas Babington McAulay is also known as a politician, essayist, and historian.

How to Build a Funeral Pyre
aspedantheod.tripod.com/id196.html 

A funeral pyre is one of the world's oldest cremation traditions. Designed to reduce a grown human being to a few pounds of ashes, it is also a feat of engineering.

An Unbreakable Code
youtube.com/watch?v=QmiqnAQTTCI 
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The Code Talkers used native languages to send military messages before World War II. Choctaw, for example, was successfully used during World War I. But the...

For 40 Years, This Russian Family Was Cut Off From All Human Contact, Unaware of World War II
smithsonianmag.com/history/for-40-y… 
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In 1978, Soviet geologists prospecting in the wilds of Siberia discovered a family of six, lost in the taiga

Donald Sherman orders a pizza using a talking computer, Dec 4, 1974
m.youtube.com/watch?v=94d_h_t2QAA 
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Every year, the researchers, students, and technology users who make up the community of the Michigan State University Artificial Language Laboratory celebr...

Tintern 'secret' medieval tunnel system found by accident
bbc.com/news/uk-wales-56281726 
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A team of electrical technicians made the discovery while moving an electrical pole in Monmouthshire.

The battery invented 120 years before its time
bbc.com/future/article/20210223-the… 
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At the turn of the 20th Century, Thomas Edison invented a battery with the unusual quirk of producing hydrogen. Now, 120 years later, the battery is coming into its own.

World’s First Computer Bug
nationalgeographic.org/thisday/sep9… 
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On September 9, 1947, a team of computer scientists reported the world’s first computer bug—a moth trapped in their computer at Harvard University.